Osteoporosis treatment in Gurgaon | Physiotherapy for Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a very common condition where the bones of people become vulnerable and brittle. This happens because the body absorbs and swaps the bone tissue continuously. The new bone creation is slower than the removal of old bones. This situation can be improved but, there is no complete cure for the problem that can last for some years and even for life in some cases. One might not come to know about osteoporosis until they might suffer a fracture where even a simple cough can bend the bone. It can affect both men and women.
Causes for Osteoporosis
The cause of osteoporosis is not completely known. But, several risk factors gradually cause osteoporosis:
- Oral steroids– The doctors prescribed steroids to treat inflammation or severe pain conditions. It can impact the formation of new bones and reduce calcium absorption by the bones. For this reason, when steroids are prescribed for a long time, some kinds of vitamins are supplemented with them.
- Age factor- Bone density is high in young people. But, gradually the bone density decreases with ageing which causes too much breaking and bending of bones.
- Genetic- As per research, osteoporosis runs in genes and inherent factors affect bones. For this reason, If someone’s close family member has osteoporosis, there is a high chance for them to develop it too.
- Poor diet- Vitamin D and Calcium are vital for bone development and high bone density. So, if someone does not consume sufficient quantities of both the elements in their diet, they will be at risk of osteoporosis.
- Alcohol and tobacco- Tobacco, smoking and drinking too much alcohol affect the bone’s ability to develop. Also, consuming alcohol increases the chance of falling which causes an injury, breaking the bones.
- Hormonal imbalances– Some kinds of hormonal imbalances can impact bone density and growth hormones. Also, it affects the use of calcium in the body for the building or breaking of bones.
- Lifestyle– A healthy lifestyle contributes to good bone density. But, some improper lifestyle choices can negatively impact bone density. A few of them are:
- Low level of physical activity
- A prolonged period of inactivity
Symptoms of Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is commonly known as a ‘silent disease’. The reason for it is that there are no major symptoms of Osteoporosis. If the people suffer a fall, bone bend, fracture, or sprain, and diagnosis is done, then they might come to know that they have osteoporosis. But, some conditions that can indicate osteoporosis are:
- Minor falls causing major fractures
- Bending of bones over a simple shake like coughing.
- Back pain by a fractured vertebra
- Improper posture like stooping or bending forwards
- Gradual Loss of height
- Shortness of breath
Way to investigate For Osteoporosis
In case of a family history of osteoporosis, or due to any other symptom the doctor can suggest an imaging test. The most common way to detect osteoporosis is a bone density test. This test helps identify bone mineral density which is a measure for Osteoporosis. Apart from that, some other ways to investigate osteoporosis are:
- Bone X-ray- Bone X-ray is used to get the images of various bones in the body. There can be an x-ray of the knee, thigh, hip, spine, etc. It can be supplemented with an X-ray for the fracture to diagnose osteoporosis.
- CT-Scan– A CT scan of the spine can help to identify any kind of ailment or fractures. It can also help to assess bone density and vertebral fractures.
- MRI– MRI of the spine can help to understand if there is another cause for bone fractures or low bone density.
Treatment of osteoporosis
The treatment for Osteoporosis is based on the bone density and on the chance of breaking of a bone. Some common treatments suggested to treat osteoporosis are:
- Medications– The most common treatment for possible fracture and osteoporosis is a medication called bisphosphonates. But, it can have some severe side effects like abdominal pain and nausea. If given in the form of injections, it can cause fever and muscle aches. There are several other types of medications and a medical practitioner can suggest the right one.
- Hormone therapy- In some cases where hormone imbalance or menopause causes osteoporosis, hormonal therapy is prescribed to treat and ease the symptoms. But, it needs to be supervised by a medical practitioner.
- Supplements– Calcium is an important element for improving health and bone density for healthy bones. In the case of osteoporosis, a patient needs more calcium. For this reason, a doctor suggests some supplements like calcium and vitamin d for treating osteoporosis.
- Physiotherapy– Physiotherapy can help to prevent osteoporosis. At the same time, it can help to manage the condition for better living. Physiotherapists can suggest the right custom treatment plan of exercises to strengthen the bones. It can help to enhance the balance and prevent the chances of falling and causing severe injury. It is effective to help in pain management and body postures.
Exercises for Osteoporosis
There is no one right exercise plan for patients with osteoporosis. But, some exercises that are good for patients with osteoporosis are:
- Postural exercises– Some specific postural exercises help to enhance the body postures affected by osteoporosis. It includes stretching and strengthening exercises for the back and chest. Also, it will reduce the chance of spinal fractures.
- Non-weight bearing exercise– Some non-weight bearing exercises help to strengthen the bones like swimming or cycling.
- Other techniques– Some other techniques suggested by physiotherapists to treat osteoporosis are massage, heat or cold therapy, or electrical stimulation
- Strengthening exercises– Some flexibility and strengthening exercises enables to enhance physical function and maintain better control of postures. It helps to reduce the risk of falls that can break bones.
- Weight-bearing exercises– Weight-bearing exercises make the bones work against gravity to build and strengthen themselves. These weight-bearing exercises or high-intensity exercises include jogging, jumping rope, tennis, heavy garden work, etc.
Wrong exercises or too many exercises for your condition might lead to further bone problems. For this reason, it is important to perform these under the supervision of expert physiotherapists from the best physiotherapy centre in Gurgaon like Dynafisio. It is well-equipped with advanced technology and modern facilities for better care. Get in touch with the experts!