Ankylosing Spondylitis treatment in Gurgaon | Physiotherapy for Ankylosing Spondylitis
Ankylosing spondylitis is also known as Bechterew’s disease is a kind of arthritis that causes inflammation at the spine or other joints of the body. It is a common disease and mostly affects men that can last up to some years. This disease decreases the flexibility of the spine affecting the normal posture of the body. The inflammation might radiate to other parts of the body and in response, the body can produce more calcium making the body and bones stiff. This disease begins after the teenage years and it can worsen over time.
Causes of Ankylosing Spondylitis
As of now, the researchers have been unable to understand the precise cause of Ankylosing Spondylitis. However, they have a belief that it might be caused by genetic inheritance. At the same time, environmental factors may increase the risk of causing it. Along with that, there are some risk factors for Ankylosing Spondylitis that are:
- Family history- If someone’s family member has Ankylosing Spondylitis, they might be at a high chance of developing the disease.
- Age factor– The disease is mostly found in the 20s after teenage years. Also, people below the age of 45 are more likely at risk.
- Gender– As per data, men are more likely to develop Ankylosing Spondylitis than women.
- Other diseases– Some specific health conditions like psoriasis or Crohn’s disease can increase the risk of having the disease.
Symptoms of Ankylosing Spondylitis
In the beginning, the Ankylosing Spondylitis might cause stiffness in the back that can last up to half an hour before getting normal in the day. Pain can occur even at night when the person is sleeping. At the same time, it can impact the buttocks and back thigh which can seem normal at the beginning.
But, one difference between normal back pain and pain of Ankylosing Spondylitis is that the pain of normal backache lies for a few minutes. In contrast, the pain of Ankylosing Spondylitis lies for a longer time. Over time, the pain can become worse and more intense in the back. Some other symptoms of Ankylosing Spondylitis are:
- Lower back pain– Lower back pain can occur in the muscles and tendons at the back. It can go from mild to severe making it difficult to walk, bend, sleep and perform the daily work.
- Hip pain– Hip pain can occur in people from every age group and it might seem common at the beginning before becoming severe sometimes.
- Fatigue– Fatigue is a common symptom of multiple diseases where a person can feel extremely tired or sleepy. It increases exhaustion and makes it difficult for a person to focus or do the daily work interfering with their daily life.
- Abdominal pain– Abdominal pain can be stomach pain caused by one particular organ in the abdomen area. It can be severe and it is important to get it treated.
- Loss of appetite– Eating less than the regular diet or not feeling an urge to eat is known as loss of appetite. It can be supplemented by weight loss without any reason.
- Some other symptoms– Some other symptoms of Ankylosing Spondylitis can be Skin rash, Vision problems, and difficulty in breathing.
Ways To investigate Ankylosing Spondylitis
There are no specific tests to identify the presence of Ankylosing Spondylitis. But some blood tests can be done to check for other underlying causes that might cause the symptoms. Some common ways to detect it are:
- Physical examination. The doctor can check for breathing issues and pain in the spine, pelvis or legs. After that, for a precise diagnosis, the doctors can suggest some imaging tests.
- X-ray– The doctors can check the bone and joints by an x-ray that can indicate the presence of Ankylosing Spondylitis.
- MRI– Magnetic resonance imaging helps to get a detailed image of the bones and soft tissues. It can give a more precise way to detect Ankylosing Spondylitis.
Treatment for Ankylosing Spondylitis
There is no specific treatment for Ankylosing spondylitis. Still, some treatments can help to improve living with the disease. They are:
- Medications– The painkillers are suggested to ease the pain caused by Ankylosing Spondylitis and improve the swelling in bones and joints affected by the disease. At the same time, paracetamol or other medicines can help to treat the pain and have fewer side effects than painkillers.
- Physiotherapy– Physiotherapy can improve the stiffness in bones and muscles with enhanced spinal movements. Also, it can help to correct the body posture affected by Ankylosing Spondylitis. It can include exercises, massage and hydrotherapy for keeping the body active and relaxing the muscles. In other cases, physiotherapy can even suggest some activities like swimming for better muscle movement.
- Surgery– Surgery is rarely prescribed to treat Ankylosing Spondylitis. But a joint replacement surgery improves the pain caused by serious impacts on joints from the disease.
Exercises for Ankylosing Spondylitis
Exercise is a good way to improve the pain, movement and mobility of Ankylosing Spondylitis. But, the right exercises are suggested by physiotherapists based on individual cases. Some simple ones can be:
- Stretching– Stretching improves the flexibility of the back that may have become stiff with the disease. Also, it helps to improve the body posture and pain in joints.
- Flexibility exercises– Some specific flexibility exercises improve spine stiffness and its movement to strengthen muscles. The exercises can include holding some positions and making different postures to avoid stiffness.
- Cardiovascular exercise– Ankylosing Spondylitis can affect breathing and some cardiovascular exercises can improve the joints, breathing and cardiovascular health.
- Chin tucks for the neck– This disease causes severe neck pain and stiffness that can extend up to the shoulders and head. But a chin tuck can help. The person has to lie on their back and tuck the chin towards the chest without lifting the head. They can hold the position for 5-7 minutes and repeat it 5 times or as directed by the physiotherapist.
Physiotherapy can make it easy to manage the symptoms of Ankylosing Spondylitis. For this reason, a customised exercise plan by experts can be the ideal solution. DynaFisio in Gurgaon has the best physiotherapists and modern healthcare facilities to treat Ankylosing Spondylitis effectively to help in leading a happy life.