Cerebral palsy treatment

Cerebral palsy Physiotherapy in Gurgaon | Cerebral palsy treatment in Gurgaon

The abnormal brain development, most often before birth leads, to a congenital disorder of movement known as Cerebral Palsy.  Every year more than one million cases of cerebral palsy are reported in India. Treatment can help to ease living with the disease but it cannot be fully cured. It can last for some years or even lifelong in some cases and requires a medical diagnosis for accurate treatment.  Cerebral palsy can impact an individual’s ability for making movement and balance. In some cases, the disease can impact a person’s vision or hearing ability. 

Causes for Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy usually occurs due to damage to the infant’s brain before birth. So, it is difficult to gauge the accurate cause that damages the brain. However, some common causes of Cerebral Palsy are:

  1. Bacterial infections
  2. Parental exposure to drugs 
  3. Untreated jaundice 
  4. Head injuries during the birth or in the initial years of infancy 
  5. Lack of oxygen in the brain before birth
  6. Haemorrhage in the Brain 
  7. Medical negligence during birth 

In a few cases, the viral or bacterial infection can take place after consuming uncooked meat.

Risk factors for Cerebral Palsy-

Apart from the causes, some risk factors can increase the chances of developing cerebral palsy like: 

  • Low weight at Birth– In some cases, children who weigh less than 2,500 gms at birth and particularly below 1,500 gms can develop the condition over time. 
  • Genetic factors- It is not clear, but some reports suggest that there can be genetic factors playing a role in cerebral palsy. The process can begin with premature birth or heart problems in babies. 
  • Premature birth– Children born before the 37th week of pregnancy can come under the risk range. However, the new developments in technology have improved the facility of NICU. 
  • Twins, triplets or additional births- As per reports, the birth of twins, triplets or additional children are likely to be born low-weight and can be at risk.
  • Birth complications– Some particular complications during birth like uterine rupture, or problems with the umbilical cord can damage the brain, and heart or cause a lack of oxygen in the brain.

Symptoms of Cerebral Palsy

Different individuals are likely to experience different symptoms of Cerebral Palsy. As the child grows up, the symptoms can differ in intensity.  Some common symptoms experienced by everyone can be the Inability to walk or sit properly or the inability to grasp objects. Along with that, some other symptoms are:

  • Delayed motor skills– The learning or motor skills among children with cerebral palsy can be later than other children like walking, sitting, crawling, or rolling. 
  • Problems with swallowing– Some children can face problems while swallowing food. There could be a chance of choking up while eating or drinking. Also, their salivary glands could be more active and produce extra saliva that could drip out causing hypersalivation.
  • Seizures– Seizures can occur in some cases and not in others. It takes place after a change in the brain’s electrical activity causing violent shaking and lack of control of the body. This can sometimes lead to serious injuries to the body.
  • Stiffness– The children can likely experience body Stiffness where the muscles can contract involuntarily.  Stiffness or Spasticity can make it difficult to walk, move or talk becoming painful at times. 
  • Involuntary movements– The individuals are likely to make involuntary movements moving the body in an unintended manner. This can be a jerk, tremor or seizure. Involuntary movements can occur in any part of the body and worsen over time.
  • Miscellaneous symptoms– Some other symptoms of Cerebral Palsy can be Delayed speech development, being floppy, and intellectual issues among others.

Ways to investigate Cerebral Palsy

The signs of cerebral palsy become apparent over time and doctors can recognize it after a few months from the birth. The doctors can analyze a child’s motor development and study the medical history of the child. At the same time, they conduct a physical examination of the child and suggest a series of imaging tests for accurate diagnosis. The imaging tests to Investigate Cerebral Palsy are:

  • MRI- MRI involves the use of radio waves and magnetic fields to get detailed images of the brain. These detailed images of a brain help the doctors to understand the abnormalities and deformities in a child’s brain.
  • Ultrasound- A special cranial ultrasound is performed for infants. It uses sound waves to produce images of the brain. Although they won’t be detailed images, they can be a quick way to access the problems in the brain.
  • EEG- If a child experiences seizure-like symptoms, they need to undergo an EEG Test. In this test, a series of electrodes are attached to the brain of a child that denotes the changes in the brain.
  • Blood test- Blood tests can help to access any kind of infection in the blood that might cause cerebral palsy.

Treatment for Cerebral Palsy-

There are multiple treatments for Cerebral Palsy based on its severity or symptoms.  Some of them are:

  • Physiotherapy- Physiotherapy helps to ease the symptoms of cerebral palsy making it easy to live with it. Physical therapy begins in the first few years of life that can involve exercises and other motor activities. This treatment can help to enhance the muscle strength,  balance and movement of the body that is impacted by cerebral palsy. 
  • Medication- Some special medicines depending on the age are suggested to relax overactive and stiff muscles. Some injections can be given to ease the affected muscles and epileptic medicines to treat seizures and other involuntary movements.
  • Surgery- In a few cases with severe symptoms and brain damage, surgery is conducted. It can improve the contracted and abnormal muscles.
  • Orthotic devices- Some orthotic devices like Braces, splints, and casts can be placed in affected body areas or wheelchairs and crutches can be used to ease body movement.

Exercises For Cerebral Palsy

Specific Exercises are recommended by the Physiotherapists depending on an individual’s condition and the child’s age. Otherwise, common exercises are:

  1. Sit and balance– The child has to sit astride a long bench with feet flat on the floor. Gradually, they can try to reach their feet with their fingers. If required a Physiotherapist can give support for the movement. 
  2. Hand planks– The child is made to make a push-up pose. The arms and legs should be fully extended. On the hand, the palm and toes should touch the floor and the child has to hold the position. 
  3. Crawling– The simple act of crawling with one leg after the other can help the child to balance their muscles. 

If you are looking for the best treatment for cerebral palsy, DynaFisio is the best choice. It is a renowned Physiotherapy centre in Gurgaon.  Untreated cerebral palsy can make living difficult. But, treatment from our experts with modern infrastructure can improve body movements for a better life.

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