Stroke: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Types & More

Stroke has another term called cerebrovascular accident which is known to be defined as the necrosis or death of brain cells due to the lack of oxygen through the blood supply to the brain. It can happen in two ways:

  1. Rupture of blood vessels causing internal bleeding; hemorrhagic stroke.
  2. Blockage of arteries by blood clots (thrombus or embolus); ischemic stroke.

Our brain has some areas and centres that regulate variety of functions like speech, Thoughts, respiration, thinking and analysing, motor activities etc. Stroke can alter these functions controlled by different areas of brain.

It can be caused by:

  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • High BMI (body mass index)
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Lack of mobility
  • Poor/imbalanced diet

Stroke includes symptoms like:

  • Paralysis (most common)
  • seizures
  • Fatigue
  • Incoordination and poor balance
  • Impaired vision
  • Dysarthria (difficulty talking)
  • Vertigo
  • Loss of sensations
  • Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing)
  • Headache
  • Disorientation
  • Mental confusion
  • Dementia (memory loss)

Risk factors of stroke include:

  • Age : people older than the age of 50 are at higher risks 
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol intake 
  • Previous heart diseases


It’s another variant of stroke. Its duration is for a shorter period and it can resolve within 24 hours. A mini-stroke is considered to be a prior short episode of stroke.

In mini-stroke, the signs and symptoms happen to disappear within minutes or an hour. 

However one should always seek medical attention after the episode of TIA to prevent the further onset of stroke.

Physiotherapy Treatment of stroke includes:

  1. Positioning of the patient
  2. Chest physiotherapy
  3. Passive range of motion exercises 
  4. Active assisted exercises
  5. Electrical muscle stimulations
  6. Speech therapy
  7. Behavioural therapy
  8. Use of mobility aids
  9. Balance and coordination
  10. Gait training

Our physiotherapy center in Gurgaon Dynafisio provides you with all kinds of treatment possible for stroke. Our team of physiotherapists are experts in educating the patient, dealing with the behavior of the patient, making the patient comfortable and playful and teaching all kinds of exercises for muscle strengthening, coordination, and training for mobility aids. We harbor the best quality electrotherapy modalities for muscle stimulations to regain the functional mobility of the patient in case of paralysis. You can reach out to our branches of Dynafisio sector 42, 45 and 83.

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